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 A to Z List of autoimmune diseases 

 

 

 

A

  • Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a form of encephalitis with an autoimmune reaction where the body attacks the brain tissue usually days/weeks after a viral infection or vaccination. NIH  Cleveland Clinic ADEM at NINDS Myelitis Association
  • Acute Hemorrhagic Leukoencephalitis 
  • Addison's disease - also called adrenal insufficiency or hypocortisolism, is chronic under-functioning of the adrenal glands and  production of  hormones affecting how the body uses carbohydrates, protein, fat and blood sugar. Symptoms include weight loss, muscle weakness, fatigue and low blood pressure.  Medline   niddk   Addison's on this site
  • Allergic granulomatosis and angiitis or Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) has 3 distinct phases - with symptoms depending on organs involved -Allergic with asthma, sinus pain, headache; Eosinophilic phase with weight loss and sweats; Vasculitic with pain, numbness & weakness in extremities.  Medicine Net     John Hopkins Vasculitis Center
  • Alopecia or Alopecia Areata (AA) results in loss of hair on scalp or beard or the skin as the immune system attacks the hair follicles and slows down hair production. It can occur in men, women or children. MedicineNet  Treatment  NIAMS Q & A  National Alopecia Foundation  
  • Anklosing spondylitis characterized by arthritis, inflammation and stiffness of joints. Usually involves the spine and joints of the neck, back and pelvis.  Also called Strümpell-Marie disease & spondyloarthritis. Virtual medical centre   Arthritis Australia
  • Anti-Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease or Anti-GBM/Anti-TBM nephritis antibodies attack the small blood vessels in the kidneys and the lungs Medscape  UNC Kidney Center  Vasculitis UK
  • Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis Medscape
  • Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis Anti NMDA Receptor Encephalitis Foundation
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) affects the proteins in the blood. NIH  Mayo Clinic
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia causes the premature destruction of red blood cells fatigue, pale skin, shortness of breath, dark urine.  MedlinePlus NIH 
  • Autoimmune hepatitis, (AIH) is a disease of the liver usually occuring by itself, but sometimes with other autoimmune diseases e.g. lupus or APL syndrome. Symptoms include joint pain, fatigue and abdominal discomfort.  Previously called chronic active hepatitis (CAH) NDDIC  American Liver Foundation  British Liver Trust
  • Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) symptoms usually include jaundice and sometimes recent onset of diabetes mellitus, weight loss, abdominal pain or itching. A multisystem disorder, it can affect other parts of the body, such as the bile ducts or salivary glands. MAYO CLINIC
  • Autoimmune retinopathy (AR) see Retinopathy ScopeMed  AMA
  • Autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura or Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura ( ITP) destroys platelets in the blood that are needed for prevention and control of bleeding. Symptoms include unexplained bruises or bleeding. eMedicine NIH Better Health Channel  
  • Autoimmune neutropenia means there are too few neutrophils (white blood cells) to fight infection so the risk of infection rises. Most common in infants. Usually fever symptoms Neutropenia Support Association SCNIR
  • Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease (AIED) causes hearing loss and tinnitus. AmericanHearing Research Foundation
  • Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS) regulates the death of lymphocytes (white blood cells). can lead to enlargement of liver and spleen and can cause anemia, low count of platelets and low count of neutrophils. MedicineNet  NIH

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