Neuromuscular system disorders affect nerves and muscles

 

Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) mild sensory changes and then weakness in the reflexes that gets progressively worse. EMedicine

 

Autoimmune Retinopathy (AR) also called recoverin-associated retinopathy(RAR)retinal degeneration causing rapid, painless vision loss associated with sensitivity to light. Casey Eye Institute

 

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) causes swelling  and destruction of myelin sheath over the nerves. Symptoms -weakness, paralysis, and/or impairment of movement in arms and legs. Sometimes numbness, tingling, and burning sensations on both sides of the body.  CIDP Home

Encephalomyelitis or Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)inflammation of the brain and spinal cord. NINDS

 

Gullain-Barre syndrome (Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy) affects the body's immune system attacking the nervous system and causing a neuromuscular disease with initial symptoms of weakness and tingling starting in legs and rapid progression to paralysis in legs, arms, face and breathing muscles. The NINDS, Guillain-Barre Information Sheet MedlinePlus


Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) causes muscle weakness, usually first in the upper legs and upper arms. The attack interferes with the ability of nerves to send signals to muscles. A progressive syndrome it develops into eye muscles, and those involved in talking, chewing; sometimes dry mouth, constipation, impotence and bladder urgency. Lambert-Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome 



Myasthenia gravis causes fluctuating muscle weakness and fatigue. It interferes with messages the nerves send to the muscles (circulating antibodies block receptors at the neuromuscular junction). It usually involves weakness in chewing, talking, swallowing & the eye muscles.  National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke    Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America    More at Medline Plus 

Neuromyotonia (Isaacs' Syndrome): abnormal nerve impulses from the  peripheral nerves which cause twitching, progressive stiffness and muscle cramps.  NINDS

 

Multiple Sclerosis attacks the central nervous system -brain and spinal cord -  interfering with the nerves system signals and causing neurological symptoms. It can follow an unpredictable course.  You may experience only some of the symptoms and never have others. Symptoms may include numbness, tingling, pain, burning, and visual disturbances, tremor, difficulty walking, lack of coordination & constipation. Multiple Sclerosis Foundation   The National Multiple Sclerosis Society(NMSS)    Multiple Sclerosis Fast Facts

 

Multifocal motor neuropathy with Conduction block (MMN) an autoimmune peripheral neuropathy without a known cause. A slowly progressive weakness, with cramping. MultiMN info

 

Monoclonal Gammopathy means abnormal levels of a protein have been found in the blood Mayo Clinic 

Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS)causes unsteady gait, muscle spasms and irregular eye movements. Difficulty speaking may also be involved. Often seen in children less than 2 years old.  OMSUSA  NINDS

Paraneoplastic neurological disorders (PND's) have rapid onset of symptoms such as difficulty walking, swallowing and talking, hand tremors, seizures, memory problems and muscle weakness. NINDS  



Stiff man syndrome or Moersch-Woltmann syndrome involves the central nervous system and causes progressive rigidity or stiffness of the body - affects the voluntary muscles of the neck, shoulders, trunk, arms & legs sometimes with muscle spasms. Yale University Dept of Neurology 

 

 The information on this site is not meant for diagnosis of a disease - please see your health care professional with your medical concerns.

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